Home Sciences & Innovations Sciences Forestry Biomass in a Bioenergy Perspective

Forestry Biomass in a Bioenergy Perspective

Technical Paper published in J-FOR* Vol.3, No6, 2013

ABSTRACT

The demand for energy has been increasing in the current decade due to rapid industrialization and urbanization. Limited fossil fuel resources, rising fuel prices, and global warming are some of the factors leading to increased interest in lignocellulosic biomass to generate renewable fuels.

Forestry residues which contain a major proportion of lignocellulosic matter are suitable candidates for conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels. This review highlights forestry biomass from a bioenergy point of view, focusing on its global applications, availability, chemical composition, and conversion.

The conversion pathways discussed here are biochemical conversion to ethanol and butanol as well as thermochemical conversions, including pyrolysis, liquefaction, and gasification, to produce process-specific end products such as bio-oil and synthesis gas.

A wide variety of woody biomass species are also discussed, indicating their variation in cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin content; bio-oil, biochar, and gas yields through pyrolysis; and bioethanol and biobutanol yields through bioconversion.

Click to access the complete article in a pdf format

 

AUTHORS:

 
JANUSZ A. KOZINSKI
Lassonde School of
Engineering,
York University, ON,

Canada
AJAY K. DALAI
Department of Chemical
and Biological Engineering,
University of Saskatchewan, SK,
Canada
 SONIL NANDA
Lassonde School of
Engineering,
York University, ON,

Canada

* J-FOR - The Journal of Science & Technology for Forest Products and Processes, is a PAPTAC's flagship publication, incorporating high-quality peer-reviewed papers dealing with the technology and science of traditional and emerging areas that are pertinent to the forest industry.

 

 
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